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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Table 1: Bits of the 3 short variants of a positive self-extending integer, starting with a half byte. Bit0 and Bit1 represent the count “ADD” of additional half bytes, the other bits (2 bits, 6 bits or 10 bits) represent the mantissa (“M” can be “0” or “1”). If this is not enough, then Bit0=1 and Bit1=1 and further bits will be used for length info. This principle allows arbitrary precision. Floating point numbers can be composed of two such integers with sign bits

Table 1: Bits of the 3 short variants of a positive self-extending integer, starting with a half byte. Bit0 and Bit1 represent the count “ADD” of additional half bytes, the other bits (2 bits, 6 bits or 10 bits) represent the mantissa (“M” can be “0” or “1”). If this is not enough, then Bit0=1 and Bit1=1 and further bits will be used for length info. This principle allows arbitrary precision. Floating point numbers can be composed of two such integers with sign bits