|Shimin Li, Xiao Ouyang
Digit Med 2022, 8:8 (21 April 2022)
The treatment of bone defects, especially large-area bone defects caused by trauma, congenital malformations, senile diseases, and other factors, is often the key and difficult point of orthopedic diseases, which often brings a lot of troubles in the daily work of orthopedic physicians. Bone tissue engineering attempts to repair bone defects using three-dimensional (3D) bioprinted living tissue, and induces osteoblasts to differentiate and proliferate by placing biological scaffolds, thus finally forming bone tissue commensurate with the original tissue functional structure, reducing the difficulty of surgery. Compared with the traditional bone grafting surgery, it causes less trauma to patients. It is an emerging technology with crossover and cutting edge, and has huge application space and good application prospect in biomedical field. In this article, the clinical application of 3D bioprinting technology in various orthopedic fields in recent 5 years is briefly discussed.