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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 3: Virtual simulation surgery conducted by three-dimensional visualization technology. (a) Three-dimensional visualization model showed the stenosis of the left hepatic duct accurately. (b) Transparent liver of three-dimensional visualization model showed the position of calculi, biliary tract, portal vein and hepatic vein. (c) The virtual simulation surgery of left liver resection. (d) The residual liver was showed in the virtual simulation surgery

Figure 3: Virtual simulation surgery conducted by three-dimensional visualization technology. (a) Three-dimensional visualization model showed the stenosis of the left hepatic duct accurately. (b) Transparent liver of three-dimensional visualization model showed the position of calculi, biliary tract, portal vein and hepatic vein. (c) The virtual simulation surgery of left liver resection. (d) The residual liver was showed in the virtual simulation surgery